Friday, May 13, 2011

How to Make Gun Powder

Disclaimer: I am in no way responsible for what you do with this information. This information is strictly educational. If you use this information for purposes other than educational, you do so at your own risk.
There may come a time when knowing how to make gun powder could come in handy in an emergency situation. There are three main ingredients in gun powder: potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur. Here is a list of materials you will need.
·         3 cups of granulated potassium nitrate
·         2 cups of powdered charcoal
·         ½ cup of powdered sulfur
·         10 cups of rubbing alcohol
·         3 cups of water
·         2 two gallon metal buckets
·         1 metal window screen big enough to fit on top of your buckets
·         1 large wooden spoon
·         1 old T-shirt
·         A heat source
The amounts above will produce 2 pounds of gun powder. Below is a step by step guide for making gun powder using the materials listed above.

1. Mix 3 cups of potassium nitrate, 2 cups of powdered charcoal, 1 cup of water, and ½ cup of powdered sulfur in one of the metal buckets. Mix the ingredients together thoroughly.

2. Add 2 cups of water to the mixture and begin heating. Heat the mixture while stirring until it starts bubbling.

3. Pour 10 cups of alcohol in the unused metal bucket.

4. Take the mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur off of the heat and pour the mixture into the bucket with the alcohol while mixing vigorously.

5. Let the mixture sit for 10 minutes.

6. Take your old t-shirt and secure half of it over the now empty bucket. Pour the alcohol mixture through your t-shirt filter.

7. Discard the liquid in the bucket. Take the powder that is left on the cloth and squeeze out the rest of the liquid.

8. Dry your empty bucket with the rest of your t-shirt.

9. Place the screen over the dry empty bucket.

10. Push the damp gun powder through the screen.

11. Take the powder that has been pushed through the screen and spread it out thinly on a clean dry surface free of debris. The mixture should be dried as fast as possible. The longer the mixture takes to dry the less powerful the gun powder will be.
gun powder is dangerous and caution should be used when handling it. Store your gun powder in a moisture proof container away from sparks and heat.

Sunday, May 8, 2011

How to Start a Fire with a Magnifying Glass

A magnifying glass should be a part of everyone’s survival kit. The great thing about a magnifying glass is that it can be used over and over again. On dry sunny days it makes no sense to waste your waterproof matches, magnesium strip or other fire starters. You will only need to gather some basic items to start a fire with a magnifying glass. You will need some dried out grass, cattail, or any other easily combustible material. You will also need some pine straw or leaves. Gather some pine and hard wood twigs and gather some bigger pieces of wood. Hard wood will burn longer than soft wood, but soft wood is better for starting the fire.

1. Form your dry grass into the shape of a birds nest.

2. Focus the suns light through the magnifying glass. The focused light will appear as a very bright small dot. The pile of grass should start to smoke immediately. Keeping your light focused work around in an outward circular motion slowly. It should take about two minutes to catch on fire. It may take longer than two minutes so be patient if it does not ignite quickly.

3. Once your grass or cattail has ignited place the pine straw or leaves on top. The leaves and pine straw should combust quickly.

4. You are now ready to add your twigs make sure you do not smother your fire or it will go out. Cross the twigs leaving gaps for the fire to breath.

5. You can now start adding bigger pieces of wood to your fire.

When making a fire in the woods make sure to clear a five to ten foot radius around your fire area to avoid catching debris outside the area on fire. Below is a quick video tutorial. Be sure to properly extinguish your fire as it may reignite later.

Sunday, May 1, 2011

How to Make Smoke Bombs

Disclaimer: I am in no way responsible for what you do with this information. This information is strictly educational.

There may come a time in an emergency situation that you have to make a daring escape. The use of a smoke screen can greatly increase your chance of escape. There are four main ingredients you will need to make a smoke bomb. You will need potassium nitrate, natural cane sugar, dark corn syrup, and water. You will also need a scale capable of measuring in grams and a plastic cup. A fuse and cardboard tube will make a more professional product but is not necessary. You will need a sauce pan that you don’t mind ruining and a wooden spoon.

Hi- yield stump remover contains 99% potassium nitrate. Just make sure you don’t get the liquid stump remover. You want the round pellets. You can also purchase potassium nitrate online.

Natural cane sugar can be found in any grocery store. For any reason that you cannot find natural cane sugar you can substitute it for regular sugar.

Dark corn syrup can be found at the grocery store. If you cannot find dark corn syrup you can substitute it for light corn syrup.

1. Measure your plastic cup.

2. Measure 30 grams of potassium nitrate. Make sure you take into account the weight of your cup.

3. Pour the 30 grams of potassium nitrate into the sauce pan.

4. Measure 25 grams of natural cane sugar. Make sure you take into account the weight of your cup.

5. Pour the 25 grams of natural cane sugar into the sauce pan.

6. Add two drops of the dark corn syrup into the sauce pan.

7. Pour one cup of hot water into the sauce pan. The amount of water does not have to be precise. The water is only to dissolve the potassium nitrate and sugar and will be cooked out of the mixture.

8. Heat the mixture just under a boil. You might have to gently stir the mixture to get the potassium nitrate to dissolve. It will take about 30 to 60 minutes to cook the water off. Eventually the mixture will change into a paste. Once it starts to turn into a paste you will want to turn the temperature down to about 250 degrees. Continue to cook it until all the water is out of the paste. Consolidate the mixture into the center of the pan. At this point take the mixture off of the heat. Give it a few minutes to cool it will be extremely hot. If you are using a cardboard tube you will want to put the paste into it at this point. Pack the mixture down with the back of your spoon. Insert your fuse about half an inch into the mixture. If you are not using a tube, form the paste into a cylinder shape. The paste will start to harden once it cools.

Your smoke bomb is now finished. This smoke bomb will put out a think dark cloud of smoke. If you are lighting the mixture without a fuse it will take about 30 seconds to catch on fire. Once it catches on fire it will burn violently. Make sure it is in a safe location that will not start a fire. For a white smoke substitute the natural cane sugar with white table sugar and substitute the dark corn syrup with clear light corn syrup. This mixture is hygroscopic, meaning that it absorbs water. Make sure you store it in a dry location or it will not function properly.